GROUP’S CONTRIBUTION TO IFAC STRATEGIC PLAN: SABEC
Group Name and Acronym
- Spettroscopia Applicata ai Beni Culturali (SABeC)
Research Themes and Competences
- Research Themes:
- The SABeC activity concerns the study and development of advanced techniques for diagnostics and monitoring of cultural heritage and the environment in relation to its interactions with cultural heritage. To this end, various methods are used in the field of photonics and neutronics, with particular regard to optical, IR, and THz spectroscopic techniques, as well as diffraction, radiography, and neutron tomography
- The research activity is focused on:
- Development of innovative analysis techniques and methodologies for the study of the artists’ and restoration materials, artworks, and archeological findings.
- Development of diagnostic techniques and methodologies, documentation and analysis of the state of conservation of artistic and architectural artefacts and related degradation phenomena; particular attention is paid to the development of non-invasive methods and to the optimization and use of portable instrumentation for in situ measurements.
- Design and optimization of dedicated instrumentation for applications on artistic artefacts, and in support of conservative and restoration interventions;
- Spectroscopic data fusion techniques and imaging techniques;
- Data analysis with multivariate statistical methods and treatment of problems relating to the processing and use of Big Data in the BC area;
- Definition of methodologies and application of devices for environmental monitoring in museums and storage areas, with particular attention to problems relating to lighting in museums (monitoring, control and standardization).
- Carrying out measurements at large international neutron sources for diagnostic analysis of historical and artistic artefacts using neutron imaging and diffraction for compositional, microstructural and morphological characterization, with particular attention to metal artefacts
- Technical skills and competences:
- Explication of UV, Vis, IR spectroscopic data;
- Design and optimization of hyperspectral cameras, imaging systems, high precision mechanical handling for imaging systems, radiation sources at various wavelengths;
- Development of methodologies for the acquisition of imaging data;
Analysis of imaging and spectroscopic data using multivariate statistical techniques;
- Data analysis of radiographs and tomography, reconstruction techniques and image segmentation;
Analysis of diffraction data with the Rietveld method for the study of the compositions, microstructures and residual stresses of crystalline materials.